STOP Importing Dirty Coal, Oil, and Gas

The biggest European buyers of Russian energy exports turned a blind eye to Vladimir Putin’s crimes against human rights, the environment, and international law.

Russia’s energy policy has discriminated against Ukraine for years, using the Nord Stream 1 and the since-canceled Nord Stream 2 pipelines to bypass the country and weaken its position.

Part of Putin’s energy strategy prior to his invasion of Ukraine was to reduce gas imports to Europe, which resulted in high gas prices and a relative shortage.

After Russia started the war, EU energy companies quickly collected increased gas supplies, further pumping millions into the military machine

After Russia started the war, EU energy companies quickly collected increased gas supplies, further pumping millions into the military machine

Russia’s premeditated aggression created a sense of urgency to quickly collect contractually negotiated quantities for fear of imminent supply shortages or outages. European energy companies had long painted themselves into a corner, and even the horrific images of civilian death and destruction have not stopped them from pumping millions into Russia’s war machine.

The very same companies refused to begin transitioning out of fossil gas and have for years delayed the move to renewable energy sources.

This strategy has deepened the EU’s energy dependence on Russia. It has also directed exorbitant funds into state-controlled or state-aligned Russian companies. The profits have helped finance Putin’s attack on Ukraine, which began with the 2014 occupation of Crimea; his brutal intervention in Syria; his ever-growing nuclear weapons arsenal; and the security apparatus his regime has used to crack down on Russian civil society.

Investors and organizations:

Call on these companies to stop funding Russia’s war on Ukraine:

Fortum / UniperWintershall DeaRWEEngieEniVattenfallEnBWE.ONEnelTotalEnergiesOMVEquinorNeptune EnergyTrafiguraØrsted


How are these companies involved in Russia's energy business?

     

  • Out of 370 TWh of long-term gas supply contracts, about 200 TWh come from Russia
  • Gazprom’s biggest customer
  • Operates 12 gas- and coal-fired power plants in Russia
The Finnish company Fortum and its German subsidiary Uniper import enormous amounts of Russian coal and gas. Uniper is one of Gazprom’s biggest customers and has long-term contracts for 200 TWh of fossil gas. Uniper’s Russian subsidiary Unipro and Fortum continue operating 12 coal- and gas-fired power plants in Russia. Uniper recently wrote off its stake in the gas pipeline Nord Stream 2 – but only after the German government halted the project. While the company has said it will not conclude new long-term gas delivery contracts, its ongoing business remains untouched.

  

  • EU’s biggest independent oil and gas company
  • 47.8% of oil and gas in 2021 produced in Russia
  • 70.4% of 2P natural gas reserves and 44.5% of 2P oil reserves in Russia
The German company produced 47.8% of its oil and gas in Russia in 2021, and it intends to keep up production in its joint ventures with Gazprom and Lukoil in and outside Russia. Like Fortum/Uniper, it wrote off its stake in the gas pipeline Nord Stream 2 – but is still involved in Nord Stream 1. Wintershall says it will not pursue any new gas and oil projects in Russia, but this does not affect its ongoing production and its many joint ventures with Russian companies.

  

  • Gas imports from Russia: 15 TWh of fossil gas by 2023, 50% will be imported within the next 12 months
  • Coal imports from Russia: 12 million tons by 2025, 2 million tons will be imported within the next 12 months
  • In 2020, 1.47 million tons of hard coal, or 67% of total coal imports, came from Russia
The German company’s gas and coal imports from Russia continue undisturbed despite the war on Ukraine. RWE has a long-term contract with Gazprom to provide 15 TWh of fossil gas by 2023, out of which 50% will be delivered within the next 12 months. It also has long-term contracts to import 12 million tons of coal by 2025, out of which 2 million tons will be imported within the next 12 months. The company’s planned joint venture with fossil giant Novatek for the supply of blue hydrogen is currently on hold but not officially canceled.

  

  • In 2021, Engie sold about 74.2 TWh of Russian gas in France
  • Engie has multiple long-term contracts with Gazprom
  • Engie is still involved in Nord Stream 1 and 2
The French company continues to import Russian gas and is involved in both Nord Stream 1 and the now-defunct Nord Stream 2 pipelines. Engie has no less than 5 major long-term contracts with Gazprom Export. Imports from Russia accounted for 20% of the company’s gas sales in 2021.

  

The Italian company continues to import Russian gas. Although Eni has stopped signing any new contracts for oil or oil products with Russia, it still has deep ties to the Russian energy market. Eni is also involved in several international joint ventures with Russian energy conglomerates. Existing joint ventures with Rosneft linked to exploration licenses in the Arctic area have already been frozen for years, due in part to the international sanctions imposed on Russia since the 2014 occupation of Crimea. Eni announced it would divest from the Blue Stream pipeline in March 2022, but this move was planned long before the Russian invasion.

  

  • Vattenfall imported 1.06 million tons of Russian hard coal in 2020
  • Reuter West and Moabit power plants run largely on Russian coal
  • Russian gas accounts for 40% of Vattenfall’s purchased volumes
  • Uranium imports from Russia
The Swedish company buys its gas supplies from European hubs; thus about 40% of its purchased volumes are produced in Russia. 89% of Vattenfall’s hard coal imports in 2020 came from Russia. Between 2018 and 2020, Vattenfall had business relationships with the Russian coal companies SUEK, KRU and SDS Ugol. The coal plants Reuter West and Moabit in Berlin currently run on 85% Russian coal. A final coal delivery arrived the end of March 2022. Vattenfall does not intend to make any further coal purchases from Russia. Vattenfall relies on Russia for a portion of its uranium imports as well.

  

  • EnBW is among Gazprom’s top customers
  • EnBW imports the lion’s share of its hard coal from Russia
The German company procures a significant portion of its gas imports from Russia’s Gazprom. In 2021, it imported about 495 TWh of natural gas, 20% of which from Gazprom. 50% of the gas that EnBW procures via gas hubs for its business in Germany also comes from Russia. The majority of EnBW's hard coal imports come from Russia, too: 3.57 million tons of a total of 4.19 million tons in 2021. In its public communications, EnBW seems to condemn Russia’s attack on Ukraine, but it also emphasizes the importance of maintaining energy security, which reeks of business as usual.

  

The German company does not have long-term gas supply contracts with Russia, but it still buys some of its gas from Gazprom trading companies based in Europe. E.ON holds a 15.3% stake in the pipeline Nord Stream 1 through its pension fund and has not shown intentions of backing out of the project.

Our demands

Read about our demands and a word from our Russian partner Ecodefense

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The Italian company holds a majority share (56%) in its Russian subsidiary – PJSC Enel Russia – that supplies electricity and heat to industrial and private consumers, mainly through gas-powered plants. On March 21, 2022, Enel announced it would completely stop its Russian operations within a matter of months. The company’s Russian division accounts for a little over 1% of Enel’s total annual profit.

  

  • 24% of TotalEnergies’ proven gas reserves are in Russia
  • TotalEnergies owns a stake in Russian gas major Novatek
  • TotalEnergies and Novatek are partners in a range of LNG projects globally
The French company is deeply involved in the Russian gas market and owns a 19.4% stake in gas major Novatek. TotalEnergies collaborates closely with Russian gas giants on a number of LNG projects, such as Arctic LNG 2 and Yamal in Russia and a couple of others abroad.

  

  • Produces 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent in Russia
  • Deep involvement in gas joint ventures
  • Ongoing gas deliveries through Gazprom
The Austrian company produces 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day in Russia. OMV held a 24.99% interest in the Yuzhnoe Russkoe gas field. After Russia invaded Ukraine, the company wrote off this interest and also terminated negotiations with Gazprom for a 24.98% stake in Block 4A and 5A of the Urengoy gas and condensate field. OMV also wrote off its stake in the now-defunct Nord Stream 2 pipeline. However, its gas production partnerships with Russian companies abroad as well as its gas import contracts with Gazprom continue undisturbed.

  

  • In 2021, Equinor held $1.2 billion in long-term Russian assets
  • $550-million stake in East Siberian oil project with Rosneft
  • Phasing out joint ventures with Rosneft and Lukoil
The Norwegian company is a major player in Russian oil production. It bought a US$ 550-million stake in a Rosneft oil project in Siberia with the intention to double its local oil production volumes. Since the war on Ukraine began, Equinor announced a stop to future investments in Russia and an intention to gradually exit its joint ventures with Lukoil and Rosneft. According to the last contracts signed, Equinor will receive its final four oil cargos from Russia in March 2022.

  

The Norwegian company is involved in joint ventures with Gazprom, which produce gas in the Netherlands and the UK. It has not announced divestment plans.

  

  • Leading trader of Russian oil worldwide
  • Extensive partnership with Rosneft
  • Bought 10% of Vostok Oil LLC for €7 billion
The international commodities trader is one of the biggest traders in Russian oil thanks to its longstanding commercial relationship with oil giant Rosneft. In 2020, Trafigura took a 10% stake in Vostok Oil LLC, a massive Arctic oil project in Russia, for €7 billion. The company is currently reviewing that investment and will not pursue any new investments in Russia.

  

  • Long-term contract with Gazprom Export
  • Approx. 20 TWh gas per year
  • Contract set to run out in 2030
The Danish company recently announced a full ban on hard coal imports from Russia. Ørsted has a long-term contract with Gazprom Export since 2006, set to expire in 2030. Under this contract, Ørsted receives approximately 20 TWh of gas per year. Ørsted plans to fetch the minimum yearly quantity of gas under the contract. Subject to approval at the upcoming annual general meeting in April, Ørsted will donate any 2022 net profits from the Gazprom Export contract to humanitarian aid in Ukraine. After the contract runs out, Ørsted will not pursue new business in Russia.

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